Oon & Bazul’s Litigation & Dispute Resolution team achieved a number of legal firsts in Singapore. This case is likely to be the largest cryptocurrency recovery claim brought in Singapore and required an in-depth knowledge of the operations of the cryptocurrency wallets, exchanges, and tracing methodology.
Highlights of the case:
- First ever freezing order against “person unknown” in Singapore;
- First ever Bankers Trust Order against a foreign disclosure respondent (i.e. against the cryptocurrency exchange based headquartered in offshore jurisdiction) in Singapore;
- First ever Bankers Trust Order against an employee acting in their capacity as agent of their employer in Singapore;
- First ever disclosure order against the controller of a social media account in Singapore.
Partners Bazul Ashhab and Lionel Chan, and Senior Associate Ilene Chua acted for a Dubai resident who have been involved in the cryptocurrency space and have invested a significant portion of his wealth into Bitcoin.
The team had to recover about 1,400 bitcoins (worth at the relevant time at about US$77 million) that were stolen from his client’s cryptocurrency wallet while he was in Australia. The bitcoins were ultimately traced into certain Bitcoin addresses held by a cryptocurrency exchange based in Singapore.
Bazul’s team successfully secured a worldwide Mareva injunction against the persons unknown before the High Courts of Singapore, to prevent the unknown defendants from dissipating their assets.
His team also applied for and obtained third party discovery from the cryptocurrency exchange, its related entities, and its representatives. Gagging orders and sealing orders were also secured in the action to prevent tipping off. The third-party disclosure revealed that the traceable proceeds of the stolen Bitcoins were controlled by 6 individuals, 4 of whom had Hong Kong identity cards, and the 2 other defendants had Russian identity cards.
The disclosure led to US and Hong Kong proceedings being commenced to recover the stolen Bitcoins. The team also applied for and secured an order issued by a High Court judge for permission to use the documents disclosed by the disclosure respondents for use in foreign civil, criminal, and regulatory proceedings against the Singapore defendants as well as third parties.
Permission was also secured to use the relevant documents and information for the purposes of obtaining third-party funding in the relevant foreign jurisdictions.
The case in Singapore has since been stayed pending resolution of the dispute in the US. Nevertheless, the disclosure orders obtained in Singapore against the previously unknown defendants were pivotal to identify and aid the recovery of the stolen Bitcoins.
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